India – with over 1.25 billion population – has 41% of its population below the age of 20, as per the latest census results data. In the total population, around 41% of the country’s population is below 20 years old and nine percent above 60 years, leaving 50% in the intervening 20-59 age group.Will #Tech Future in the Coming Century be Decided by India's Youth? #Technology Click To Tweet
It is important to remember that India is also producing the most number of engineers in the world!
The first ever global report commissioned by the Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering and to be made public on Monday has revealed that while just 20% of 16 to 17 year-olds from the UK and 30% from the USA are interested in an engineering career, in India the rate is as high as 80% – the highest in the world.
The report will also unveil another interesting finding – India has closed the gender gap in engineering to an all-time low of 14% in 2015.
Around 66% men in the world are interested in engineering while the figure stands as low as 43% for women globally. However when it comes to India, both men and women have shown great interest in engineering – the highest percentage in the world.
This means that the future technology world will be impacted in a major way by what happens to the Indian youth. This 41% young folks below 20 years will decide the fate of world’s technology in the coming century.
The Indian Government, meanwhile, is looking at the huge population dividend and the danger and opportunities it presents. The current Modi Government has launched the Skill India campaign to help the youth.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Wednesday launched his pet project Skill India Campaign in New Delhi on the occasion of the first ever World Youth Skills Day which included the launch of the National Skill Development Mission and unveiling of the new National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015.
“Through a policy driven approach we have waged a war against poverty and we have to win this war. India’s youth is not happy simply asking for things. He or she wants to live with pride and dignity. I believe Indian youth has immense talent, they just want opportunities,” Modi said.
The Prime Minister said that each poor, underprivileged youth was a soldier in this war. “This mission is not limited to skill, we have linked entrepreneurship to it,” the prime minister said.
He said over the next decade India will have a surplus manpower of 4-5 crore and emphasised the need to provide this youthful manpower with skills and ability to tackle global challenges. Modi warned that the demographic dividend would otherwise become a challenge in itself.
“And the demographic dividend India is proud of, it’s guarantee lies with skill and trained manpower,” he said.
People and Leaders in every facet of the society are looking at this seriously. Here is Spiritual Guru Sadhguru from India discussing how helping youth get skills is critical for the survival and improvement of India.